- Destruction of forest is called deforestation which has serious effect on human life and environment.
- Overgrazing in forests destroys newly regenerated growth which also make soil more compact and impervious. So that the soil becomes less fertile due to destruction of organic matter.
- Over grazing also leads to desertification.
- Shifting cultivation is most common is North eastern India due to heavy water erosion. Shifting cultivation is also termed as Jhum.
- Many farmers destroy the forest for commercial purposes and by the time soil fertility is exhausted due to repeated cropping, a new forest area is destroyed.
- Other causes for deforestation are fuel wood, forest fires, Timber production, Industry establishment, land slide and population increase
- Global warming, floods, soil erosion, Loss of biodiversity and climatic change are some of the effects of deforestation.
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