Biotechnology and its Applications

Biosafety issues

  1. Introducing genes from one species to another violates the species integrity and also dilutes the concept of humanity.
  2. Biotechnology is considered disrespectful to living organisms as it only exploits the benefits of human beings.
  3. Therefore, GEAC (Genetic Engineering Approval Committee) has been set up by the Indian Government, which make decisions in approving the production of GMO.
  4. War carried out by microorganisms against crops, animals and Humans is called Bio war.
  5. Bacillus anthracis, shigella Sp., Vibrio cholera, Yersinia pestis, B.tularensis are most widely used microorganisms in Bio war causing Anthrax, Shigellosis, cholera, plague and tularemia respectively.

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