Biotechnology and its Applications

Bio piracy and patents

  1. Bio patents are awarded for DNA sequence, cell lines, Biotechnological procedures, processes and products. Certain cancelled patents on natural inventions include turmeric and Banisteriopsis caapi
  2. US had patented Basmati rice by crossing Indian variety with semi-dwarf variety rice.
  3. Other cancelled patents include Neem, Turmeric, Black Pepper, Pomegranate etc.,
  4. Improper patenting is called Biopiracy.
  5. US had improperly made a usage of a plant called Pentadiplandra brazzeana and had obtained a protein called brazzein, which is 2000 times sweeter than sugar with very less calorific value.
  6. US also started introducing the gene for brazzein protein into Maize Kernel.
  7. British Portsmouth University has illegally collected Microorganisms from the Coastal areas of Thailand, which they use it to cure diseases like AIDS, Cancer etc.,

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