Morphology of Flowering Plants
- True fruit or eucarp is a ripened ovary which develops under the influence of ripening ovules and is meant for protecting them which consists of pericarp [wall] and seeds [ovules].
- A fruit formed without fertilization i.e. a seedless fruit is called parthenocarpy (Eg . Banana)
- Fruits are of 3 main types - simple ; aggregate and composite.
- In drupe, the fruit wall (or) pericarp is differentiated into three layers - epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp [stony]
- Coconut has a membranous Epicarp, fibrous mesocarp and a stony endocarp that bears three dark eye spots representing the remains of the styles.
- The fibrous mesocarp yields coir. The endocarp encloses a single seed with brown testa, white oily endosperm, a small embryo and a watery fluid called milk of coconut.
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