- Carolous Linnaeus introduced taxonomical hierarchy which is the arrangement of various taxonomic levels starting from kingdom till species arranging it one above the other in a descending order
- It includes 7 obligate categories and intermediate categories.
- Kingdom → phylum (animals) (or) Division (plants) → class → order → Family → Genus → Species.
- Specificity increases from kingdom to species where the from species was coined by John Ray.
- Each category is commonly termed as a taxon.
- Taxonomy (de Candolle) is defined as the science that deals with the identification, nomenclature and classification of organisms.
- Father of taxonomy/Father of Systematic botany – Carolous Linnaeus
- Father of Indian taxonomy – H. Santapau.
- Three types of taxonomy are
α – morphology
β – genetics, anatomy, Physiology.
ω – Phylogenetic relationship [Evolutionary relationship]
View this video for the topic from 0:09 to 13:48
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