Chemistry in Everyday Life

Analgesics, Tranquilizers, Antiseptics, Disinfectants, Antimicrobials

1. TRANQUILIZERS:- The class of chemical compounds used for the treatment of stress, mild or even severe mental diseases.
Eg - idardil, iproniagid, luminal, seconal, equanil .

2. ANALGESICS:- They reduce pain without causing impairment of consciousness, mental confusion or some other disturbance of the nervous system.
Eg - aspirin, saridon , phenacetin.

3. ANTIMICROBIALS:- They tend to prevent/destroy or inhibit the pathogenic action of microbes as bacteria, virus, fungi etc. They are classified as
(i)ANTIBIOTICS:- Those are the chemicals substances which are produced by micro-organisms.
Eg- Penicillin, ofloxacin.
NARROW SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTICS:- These are effective mainly against gram positive or gram negative bacteria.
Eg- Penicillin, streptomycin.
BROAD SPECTRUM ANTI-BIOTICS:- They kill or inhibit a wide range of micro-organisms.
Eg- chloramphenicol, tetracycline.
(ii) ANTISEPTICS OR DISINFECTANT:- These are which either kill/inhibit the growth of micro-organisms
Antiseptics are applied to the living tissues such as wounds, cuts, ulcers etc. eg - furacine, chloroxylenol & terpinol (dettol). Disinfectants are applied to inanimate objects such as floors, drainage, system.
Eg- 0.2% solution of phenol is an antiseptic while 1% solution is a disinfectant.

Part1: View the Topic in this Video from 0:09 to 13:00

Part2: View the Topic in this Video from 0:10 to 5:13

Disclaimer: may from time to time provide links to third party Internet sites under their respective fair use policy and it may from time to time provide materials from such third parties on this website. These third party sites and any third party materials are provided for viewers convenience and for non-commercial educational purpose only. Compete does not operate or control in any respect any information, products or services available on these third party sites. makes no representations whatsoever concerning the content of these sites and the fact that has provided a link to such sites is NOT an endorsement, authorization, sponsorship, or affiliation by with respect to such sites, its services, the products displayed, its owners, or its providers.